The Mediterranean diet suggests two servings of seafood, so trying to purchase seafood that has been caught or farmed responsibly can do lots for the environment!
New pyramid for sustainable Mediterranean diet. She hopes to become a public health professional after her graduation in Figure 1: Under-nutrition is still significant in the South of the Mediterranean: A greater focus on the Mediterranean diet's potential as a sustainable dietary pattern, instead than just on its well-documented healthy benefits, can contribute to its enhancement.
Nutrition Reviews, 67, Far from being a hype diet, the health benefits linked to the Mediterranean diet are supported by scientific evidence. The diet is generally characterised by a high intake of plant-based foods e. As an overall conclusion, a change from the current Spanish pattern just before the Mediterranean dietary pattern would be beneficial from both a health and environmental perspective.
Several studies have shown it improves heart health, weight loss and diabetes. This is an Open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.
Introduction Research has consistently shown that certain dietary patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet MDplay a role in chronic disease prevention Serra-Majem, et al. Inreported rates for overweight and obesity were as follows: This food culture now faces three serious threats: The notion of the Mediterranean diet has undergone a progressive evolution over the past 60 years, from a healthy dietary pattern to a sustainable dietary pattern, in which nutrition, food, cultures, people, environment, and sustainability all interact into a new model of a sustainable diet.
The largest environmental impact of food production from the farm level to consumers is generally related with primary production.
Since the early 90s, the healthy Mediterranean diet pattern has been popularized using a pyramid representation as a dietary guideline, in which were highlighted graphically the foods to consume daily, weekly, or less frequently 3.
It was found that the MDP involves lower demands on soil, compared to both the Spanish current dietary pattern SCP and to WDPand also on water and energy resources even though estimates were conservative. Author information: Ask your grocer if their seafood is sourced sustainably!
The MD not only makes reference to some characteristic eating habits, it is also a cultural model that involves the way foods are selected, produced, processed and distributed Serra-Majem,Serra-Majem, et al. Like in other research conducted among the Spanish population, meat and dairy were the foodstuffs that most increased environmental footprints, even though at a much lower influence than the WDP.
Final consideration Governments need to commit themselves to undertake appropriate actions, so that our traditional and cultural knowledge are preserved and build bridges to the diversity of foods and diets, withthout considering only to the health benefits that could be supplied in the short and long term Piscopo, More cross-disciplinary studies on environmental, economic and socio-cultural, and sustainability dimensions of the Mediterranean diet are foreseen as a critical need.
Public Health Nutrition, 9 1a From the heart to the earth through the road of culture, the Mediterranean diet is a cultural heritage that looks to the future. The Mediterranean dietary pattern is presented not only as a cultural model but also as a healthy and environmentally friendly model.
Furthermore, food production is also inevitably a conductor of environmental pressures, in particular regarding the climate change, water use and toxic emissions. Several dietary guidelines for specific Mediterranean populations have been also developed, associated with a pyramidal representation, such as for the Spanish 33Greek 34and Italian populations 35 Animal- based foods are by far the most land- and energy-intensive compared with foods of plant origin Baroni et al.
The Cultural approach: Dernini S 1Berry EM 2. According to these results, embrace the MDP in Spain would significantly reduce overall water consumption, in spite of a potential increase in water consumption from vegetable and fruit groups.
Consumers are becoming more and more concerned about the environment care and, even more so, about their own health and food choices, while cultural culinary traditions are not easy to modify.
The erosion that these threats can cause, especially the economic factor, must be countered with actions based on nutrition education, and the commitment that neither cost nor unfounded food choices cannot and should not be a barrier to the availability of basic foods of the MD: Moreover, animal-based foods were found to cause the highest environmental effect in all dietary patterns.
Purchase produce that is in season! Legumes are clearly stated as alternatives to animal protein foods due to their low environmental impact and long durability. · We’ve all heard the praise for the Mediterranean diet and the abundance of health benefits it brings along.
This diet is primarily constituted of plant-based foods, like whole grains, beans, fruits, vegetables and nuts, fish and seafood twice weekly, and a limited amount of red meat.4/5(2).
What is the Mediterranean diet? The Mediterranean diet is based on the traditional eating habits from the s of people from countries that surround the Mediterranean Sea, such as Greece, Italy, and Spain, and it encourages the consumption of fresh, seasonal, and local foods.
1 The Mediterranean. Nutrients9, 61 2 of 15 factor for the development of some chronic diseases . In a context of a noticeable growth of the world population, adequately feeding more than 9 billion people by remains a major elbfrollein.com by: 9.
Since then, the Mediterranean diet has been widely studied and reported to be a model of healthy eating associated with significant nutritional and health benefits (7–14).Cited by: The technical workshop on Development of voluntary guidelines for the sustainability of the Mediterranean diet in the Mediterranean region was organized by FAO and CIHEAM-Bari was held on 14–15 March at CIHEAM-Bari, Valenzano, Italy.